Lifestyle

Innovative ‘heart in a box’ technology gives hope to transplant patients

A new heart transplant technique is reducing waiting lists for patients in Australia and potentially around the world. The number of successful heart transplants has soared by a quarter at St Vincent’s Hospital Sydney, since the introduction of technology pioneered by St Vincent’s, the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute and UNSW Medicine & Health. New […]

Lifestyle

Study calls for change in guidance about eating fish during pregnancy

A woman’s mercury level during pregnancy is unlikely to have an adverse effect on the development of the child provided that the mother eats fish, according to a new University of Bristol-led study. The findings, which drew together analyses on more than 4,131 pregnant mothers from the Children of the 90s study in the U.K., […]

Lifestyle

Research shows that DOPA protects against melanoma

People with light skin tones are far more likely to develop melanoma skin cancer than people with dark skin tones. This large disparity results from far more than can be explained by the UV protective effects of melanin pigment, and results in large part from the melanin precursor DOPA, and its ability to inhibit CHRM1, […]

Lifestyle

Less invasive treatment for emphysema is as good as more invasive surgery

The first randomized controlled trial to compare two lung volume reduction procedures for people with emphysema has found that both lead to similar improvements in lung function, breathlessness and exercise capacity. The results from the study of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) and bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BVLR), presented at the European Respiratory Society International […]

Lifestyle

Antipsychotic use associated with elevated risk of breast cancer

A research team from the Center for Safe Medication Practice and Research (CSMPR), Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong (HKUMed) conducted the world’s first systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies with over 2 million individuals and estimated a moderate association between antipsychotic use and breast cancer […]

Lifestyle

‘Jumping’ genes yield new clues to origins of neurodegenerative disease

Massive, repetitive stretches of DNA in the human genome may harbor hints about the onset of a rare, inherited neurodegenerative disorder called ataxia-telangiectasia as well as other related diseases, a new Yale School of Medicine study finds. The findings also point to possible directions for treatment of the disease. Almost half the human genome is […]

Lifestyle

Cellular ‘waste product’ rejuvenates cancer fighting immune cells

A new study by UT Southwestern’s Simmons Cancer Center scientists suggests that lactate, a metabolic byproduct produced by cells during strenuous exercise, can rejuvenate immune cells that fight cancer. “The lactate that we usually think of as a waste product appears to have a previously unrecognized role in fighting cancer,” said Jinming Gao, Ph.D., Professor […]